The village of Agliano Terme is situated in the wine district in the southern part of the Monferrato region, in the province of Asti in Piemonte.
The area in and around AglianoTerme is considered to be one of the most important places for the production of the Barbera grape. It is also a renowned for its healing waters and being home to a major hotel management school.
Agliano Terme’s history dates back to Roman times, but it was in the Middle Ages that Agliano became famous for being the birthplace of the beautiful Bianca Lancia. She fell madly in love with the Emperor Frederick II of Swabia when he passed through the area. They married and had a son, Manfred, who became the king of Naples and Sicily. Manfred inspired Dante in one of the most beautiful passages of the Divine Comedy.
In the sixteenth century Agliano, together with the county of Asti, were united under the house of Savoy (who were headquartered in Turin). During the wars between the Duke of Savoy and the Spanish, the area was the scene of many misfortunes, including the destruction of the castle in Agliano. In its place now stands a tower from which there is a very impressive view of the surrounding hills and the Alps.
In recent history, Agliano was one of the partisan strongholds during the Second World War. The important role of the Resistance in Agliano was acknowledged in 1998 when the village and people of Agliano were awarded a prestigious gold medal for their partisan bravery.